With the advent of modern synthetic methods of nano- and mesoscale building blocks, it is now possible to encode complex self-assembling behaviour in relatively simple particles. However, the parameter space available for experimentalists is huge: one has to tune the building block anisotropy, interaction anisotropies, range, type etc. Computational methods can add valuable insight into the rational design of such building blocks. Coarse-grained modelling of anisotropic interactions can guide experiments into regions of the parameter space relevant to the desired target self-assembled structure.
The present proposal aims to establish a new field for the self-assembly of nanoscale building blocks, through applying concepts from coordination chemistry into designs of nanoparticles, which will become capable of highly specific coordination to other nanoparticles. Although the concept of ‘colloidal molecules’ exists, experimental realizations are still in their infancy. In order to understand the behaviour of such building blocks, and to create the simplest possible models for them, we will be using and further developing state-of-the-art methods in energy landscape theory (global optimization within the rigid body framework, discrete path sampling and rigid body MD).
In the first stage, we explore the minimal physics required for assembly of hollow cages formed by nanoscale analogues of MnL2n-type Goldberg polyhedra, which are experimentally realized by square planar coordinated transition metal complexes with nonlinear bidentate ligands. We propose that cages with the same symmetry can be obtained using a combination of excluded volume and Coulombic interactions, and we will investigate the dynamics of hollow shell formation and transition between competing structures.
The second stage involves the design of novel anisotropic nanoparticles capable of tetrahedral, planar and linear coordination, giving rise to mesoscale structures analogous to hydrocarbons.
A previous project, financed by CNCS-UEFISCDI as well (project number PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-1176) dealt with creating an ideal framework allowing for efficient modelling of the hierarchical self-assembly of anisotropic building blocks. The current project builds on this framework in order to investigate complex dynamics of model mesoscale systems that are feasible to create experimentally as well.
A detailed progress report can be downloaded from here.